Lower your body by bending your elbows, keeping them at a 45-degree angle to your torso. Proper pushup form requires you to lower your chest to about an inch above the ground or until your upper arms are parallel to the floor. Push through your palms and extend your elbows to raise your body back to the starting position, while keeping your body in a straight line. Remember to breathe throughout the exercise, inhaling as you lower your body and exhaling as you push up.

The Right Way to Do a Proper PushUp Form, Says a Top Trainer

Proper PushUp Form

Push-ups may seem simple, but they require proper pushup form and technique to be effective. According to top trainers, mastering the push-up begins with understanding the fundamental principles and executing them correctly. Let’s dive into the details of performing a push-up the right way, focusing on proper pushup form. Perfect Pushup Elite Enhance your push-up workout with these rotating pushup handles that help engage more muscles and reduce joint strain.

The Importance of Proper PushUp Form

Proper PushUp Form

Having the correct form during a push-up is crucial for engaging the right muscles and preventing injuries. It ensures that you receive maximum benefits from each repetition. Proper form also helps you build strength and endurance over time. By maintaining proper alignment and executing the movement correctly, you can avoid unnecessary strain on your joints and lower back. Resistance Bands Use resistance bands to add intensity to your push-ups and engage more muscle groups for an effective workout.

Understanding the Muscles Involved

PushUp Form

Push-ups primarily target the chest muscles (pectoralis major and minor) along with the triceps and deltoids. Additionally, push-ups engage the core muscles for stability and balance. When performing pushups, proper pushup form is crucial to maximize the effectiveness of the exercise and prevent injury. Here are some key points to keep in mind. Push-up Mat A padded push-up mat can provide extra comfort and support for your hands and knees, making your workout more enjoyable.

Setting Up for Success

Proper PushUp Form

To perform push-ups effectively, it is essential to set up the right foundation. Here are some steps to prepare for a successful push-up. Activity Tracker Keep track of your progress and stay motivated with the Fitbit Charge 4 Fitness and Activity Tracker, available on Amazon. It provides essential fitness metrics and heart rate monitoring to help you stay on top of your push-up goals.

Proper Pushup Form:

Proper PushUp Form Alignment

Begin by aligning your body in a straight line from head to toe. Maintain a neutral spine, engage your core, and avoid sagging or arching your back.

Hand Placement

Position your hands slightly wider than shoulder-width apart. Ensure that your fingers are spread wide for better stability and weight distribution.

Foot Position

Plant your toes on the ground, pointing forward. Distribute your weight evenly between your hands and toes.


Look slightly forward, around 2-3 feet in front of you, to maintain a neutral neck position.

Proper Pushup Form

To perform a pushup with proper form, follow these guidelines:

Begin in a high plank position, with your hands aligned with your shoulders and your toes on the ground.

Lower your body towards the ground while keeping your back straight and your core engaged.

Step-by-Step Guide


How to Perform a Push-Up

Now that you’ve set up the foundation, let’s go through the step-by-step process of performing a push-up correctly. Protein Powder After your push-up workout, it’s essential to refuel your body with the right nutrients. Protein powder can be a convenient option to support muscle recovery and growth.

Starting Position

Begin in a high plank position with your arms fully extended, hands shoulder-width apart, and fingers pointing forward.

Lowering Phase

Engage your core, lower your body by bending your elbows, and keep your back straight. Lower until your chest is about an inch above the ground.

Pushing Phase

Push through your palms and extend your arms, returning to the starting position. Keep your body straight throughout the movement.


Inhale as you lower your body and exhale as you push back up.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

To get the most out of your push-ups, it’s important to avoid these common mistakes:

Sagging Hips

Maintain a straight line from head to toe throughout the exercise. Avoid allowing your hips to sag or lift too high.

Elbows Flaring Out

Keep your elbows at a 45-degree angle from your body. Avoid letting them flare out to the sides, which can strain your shoulders.

Incomplete Range of Motion

Lower your body until your chest is approximately an inch from the ground. Avoid cutting the movement short or only performing partial repetitions. Proper pushup form is essential to maximize the benefits of this exercise.

Head Position

Keep your head aligned with your spine, looking slightly forward. Avoid tucking your chin or letting your head hang. Maintaining proper pushup forms includes maintaining the correct head position.

Tips for Progression and Variation

Proper PushUp Form

Once you have mastered the basic push-up, you can progress and add variation to your routine. Here are a few tips to challenge yourself and target different muscle groups:

Elevated Push-Ups

Place your hands on an elevated surface, such as a bench or step, to increase the difficulty.

Wide Push-Ups

Widen your hand placement to target the chest muscles more intensely.

Diamond Proper PushUp Form

Position your hands close together, forming a diamond shape. This variation focuses on the triceps.

One-Arm Proper PushUp Form

Once you have built enough strength, progress to one-arm push-ups for an advanced challenge.


Performing push-ups correctly is essential for maximizing the benefits of this fundamental exercise. By following the advice of top trainers and maintaining proper form, you can build strength, enhance muscle tone, and avoid unnecessary strain. Remember to start with the basics, progress at your own pace, and listen to your body. Mastering the push-up technique will contribute to your overall fitness journey and help you achieve your goals.

FAQs About Push-Ups

Are Proper PushUp Form only for men?

No, push-ups are suitable for both men and women. They are a great exercise for building upper body strength and can benefit individuals of all genders.

How many push-ups should I do as a beginner?

If you are a beginner, start with a number of push-ups that challenge you without compromising your form. Aim for 8 to 12 repetitions in each set and gradually increase as you get stronger.

Can Proper PushUp Form help me lose weight?

Push-ups primarily focus on building strength and toning muscles. While they contribute to overall calorie expenditure, combining push-ups with cardiovascular exercises and a healthy diet will yield better weight loss results.

Can I do push-ups every day?

It is generally safe to do push-ups every day if you listen to your body and avoid overtraining. However, it is beneficial to allow your muscles time to rest and recover. Consider incorporating rest days into your workout routine.

Should I perform Proper PushUp Form fast or slow?

Focus on maintaining control and proper form throughout the movement. Performing push-ups too fast can compromise your technique and reduce the effectiveness of the exercise. Aim for a controlled and steady pace.

Can Proper PushUp Form replace bench presses?

Push-ups and bench presses are both effective exercises for developing chest muscles. However, they target the muscles differently. It is beneficial to include a combination of both exercises in your training regimen for optimal results.


My name is Paul Miller - fitness freak by choice. I intensively study and write about nutrition and health related topics. After reading and researching intensively on human health, I aspire to proliferate the wisdom that I acquired in a simple way.

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